Mustard is used all over the world for appetizer, a flavoring agent and as food preservative. The mustard seeds are used in Tadka, pickles & chutney.
Mustard seeds are known to be powerful anti–microbial agents. As a spice both black as well as yellow mustard is consumed. They are very good source of omega -3-fatty acids useful for heart patients. The black mustard in some areas is cultivated as winter crop through conserved residual moisture in some parts it is also cultivated under irrigated agriculture. Originally small black brown grains were preferred. Whole seeds when fried in ghee produce nutty flavor that is useful as garnish and seasoning for other Indian dishes. The flavor of mustard seeds adds nice and wild aroma in Indian dishes. Seed's spicy flavor enhances the food uniquely.